Elevated CO2 and nitrogen availability have interactive effects on canopy carbon gain in rice
Author for correspondence: N. P. R. Anten Tel: +31 30 253 6845 Fax: +31 30 251 8366 Email: N.Anten@bio.uu.nl
- • Here we analysed the effects of CO2 (Ca) elevation and nitrogen availability on canopy structure, leaf area index (LAI) and canopy photosynthesis of rice (Oryza sativa).
- • Rice was grown at ambient and elevated Ca (c. 200 µmol mol−1 above ambient, using the free-air CO2 enrichment, FACE) and at two N availabilities. We measured leaf area, area-based leaf N contents and leaf photosynthesis, and calculated net daily canopy photosynthesis.
- • FACE plants had higher light-saturated rates of photosynthesis (Pmax) and apparent quantum yields than ambient plants, when measured at their own growth CO2. Ca elevation reduced the total leaf N in the canopy (Nleaf) but had no effect on LAI, and the average leaf N content (Nleaf/LAI) was therefore reduced by 8%. This reduction corresponded well with our model predictions. Leaf area index increased strongly with N availability, which was also consistent with our model.
- • Calculated canopy photosynthesis increased more strongly with Nleaf under elevated than under ambient Ca. This indicates that there is an N × Ca interactive effect on canopy carbon gain. This interaction was caused by the increase in LAI with N availability, which enhanced the positive effect of the higher quantum yield under Ca elevation.