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Contrasting responses to mycorrhizal inoculation and phosphorus availability in seedlings of two tropical rainforest tree species

Authors

  • Agnès De Grandcourt,

    1. UMR INRA ENGREF CIRAD ‘Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane’, Campus Agronomique, 97387 Kourou cedex, Guyane Française;
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  • Daniel Epron,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecophysiologie, Université de Franche-Comté, F-25211 Montbéliard cedex, France;
    2. UMR INRA UHP ‘Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières’, Université Henri Poincaré, F-54506 Vandoeuvre cedex, France;
      Author for correspondence: Daniel Epron Tel: +33 383684249Fax: +33 383684240Email: daniel.epron@scbiol.uhp-nancy.fr
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  • Pierre Montpied,

    1. UMR INRA UHP ‘Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières’, Centre INRA de Nancy, F-54280 Champenoux, France;
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  • Eliane Louisanna,

    1. UMR INRA ENGREF CIRAD ‘Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane’, Campus Agronomique, 97387 Kourou cedex, Guyane Française;
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  • Moïse Béreau,

    1. UMR INRA ENGREF CIRAD ‘Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane’, Campus Agronomique, 97387 Kourou cedex, Guyane Française;
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  • Jean Garbaye,

    1. UMR INRA UHP ‘Interactions Arbres–Microorganismes’, Centre INRA de Nancy, F-54280 Champenoux, France
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  • Jean-Marc Guehl

    1. UMR INRA UHP ‘Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières’, Centre INRA de Nancy, F-54280 Champenoux, France;
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Author for correspondence: Daniel Epron Tel: +33 383684249Fax: +33 383684240Email: daniel.epron@scbiol.uhp-nancy.fr

Summary

  • • This work aimed at understanding the role of mycorrhizal status in phosphorus efficiency of tree seedlings in the tropical rainforest of French Guyana.
  • • Mycorrhizal colonization, growth, phosphorus content, net photosynthesis and root respiration were determined on three occasions during a 9-month growth period for seedlings of two co-occurring species (Dicorynia guianensis and Eperua falcata) grown at three soil phosphorus concentrations, with or without inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizas.
  • • Seedlings of both species were unable to absorb phosphorus in the absence of mycorrhizal association. Mycorrhizal seedlings exhibited coils that are specific of Paris-type mycorrhizae. Both species benefited from the mycorrhizal symbiosis in terms of phosphorus acquisition but the growth of E. falcata seedlings was unresponsive to this mycorrhizal improvement of phosphorus status, probably because of the combination of high seed mass and P reserves, with low growth rate.
  • • The two species belong to two different functional groups regarding phosphorus acquisition, D. guianensis being an obligate mycotrophic species.

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