Of 166 consecutive women with a benign adnexal mass scheduled for vaginal hysterectomy with adnexectomy, the operation was successful in 158 (95%). Preoperatively, attempts were made to ascertain that adnexal mass was benign and either freely mobile or with only slightly restricted mobility. Laparotomy was required in eight women, in five for adhesions and in three for malignancy detected during the operation. No woman required laparoscopic-assisted surgery. The 158 women who had successful vaginal hysterectomy with adnexectomy were compared with 100 similar women who had a laparotomy performed by same single operator. The vaginal group had a lower morbidity, speedier recovery and shorter hospital stay.