• 1
    Abou Zahr C, Royston E. Maternal Mortality: A Global Factbook. Geneva : World Health Organization, 1991.
  • 2
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Educational Bulletin #243, Postpartum Hemorrhage, January l998.
  • 3
    American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. Advanced Trauma Life Support Program for Physicians; Instructor Manual. Chicago : American College of Surgeons, 1993: 75110.
  • 4
    Pope A, French G, Longnecker DE. Fluid resuscitation. State of the Science for Treating Combat Casualties and Civilian Injuries. Washington, DC : National Academy Press, 1999.
  • 5
    Bickell WH, Wall WJ, Pepe PE, et al. Immediate versus delayed fluid resuscitation for hypotensive patients with penetrating torso injuries. N Engl J Med 1994;331: 11051109.
  • 6
    Pepe PE, Eckstein M. Reappraising the pre hospital care of the patient with major trauma. Emerg Med Clin North Am 1998;16(1):115.
  • 7
    Ransom KJ, McSwain NEJr, Physiologic changes of antishock trousers in relationship to external pressure. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1984;158: 488492.
  • 8
    McSwain NE. Pneumatic anti-shock garment: state of the art 1988. Ann Emerg Med 1988;17: 506525.
  • 9
    Pelligra R. Nonpneumatic antishock garment use. Emergency 1994;26(4):5356.
  • 10
    McSwain NE. PASG in the '90s. Emergency 1994;26(4):2833.
  • 11
    Niemann JT, Stapezynski JS, Rosborough JP, Rothstein RJ. Hemodynamic effects of pneumatic external counter pressure in canine hemorrhagic shock. Ann Emerg Med 1983;12: 661667.
  • 12
    Kaback KR, Sanders AB, Meislin HW. MAST suit update. JAMA 1984;252: 25982603.
  • 13
    Pricolo VE, Burchard KW, Singh AK, Moran JM, Gann DS. Trendelenburg versus PASG application—hemodynamic response in man. J Trauma 1986;26: 718726.
  • 14
    Schou J, Ginz HF, Herion HP, et al. Abdominal haemorrhage—a preventable cause of death after field stabilization?. Resuscitation 2000;43(3):185193.February
  • 15
    Mattox KL, Bickell W, Pepe PE, Burch J, Feliciano D. Prospective MAST study in 911 patients. J Trauma l989;29: 11041112.
  • 16
    Frank LR. Is MAST in the past? The pros and cons of MAST usage in the field. J Emerg Med Serv: Jems 2000;25(2):3841, 44–45 (February).
  • 17
    Aprahamian C, Gessert G, Bandyk DF, Sell L, Stiehl J, Olson DW. MAST-associated compartment syndrome (MACS): a review. J Trauma 1989;29(5):549555.
  • 18
    Geelen G. Antigravity suit inflation: kidney function and cardiovascular and hormonal responses in men. J Appl Physiol 1989;66(2):792799.
  • 19
    Pearse CS, Magrina JF, Finley BE. Use of MAST suit in obstetrics and gynecology. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1984;39(7):416422.
  • 20
    Hall M, Marshall JR. The gravity suit: a major advance in management of gynecologic blood loss. Obstet Gynecol 1979;53(2):247250.
  • 21
    Pelligra R, Sandberg G. Control of intractable abdominal bleeding by external counterpressure. JAMA 1979;241: 708713.
  • 22
    Mud HJ, Schattenkerk ME, DeVries JE, Bruining HO. Nonsurgical treatment of pelvic hemorrhage in obstetric and gynecologic patients. Crit Care Med l987;15: 534535.
  • 23
    Peitzman AB, Rhodes M, Schwab CW, Yealy DM. Estimated fluid and blood losses based on patient's initial presentation. The Trauma Manual. Philadelphia : Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1998: 24.