• 1
    Blondel B, du Mauzaubrun C, Bréart G. Enquête nationale périnatale 1995. Rapport de fin d'étude. INSERM Edition. Paris : INSERM, 1996.
  • 2
    Stanley FJ. Cerebral palsy: the courts catch up with sad realities. Med J of Aust 1994;161: 236.
  • 3
    Kramer MS, Platt R, Yang H, et al. Secular trends in preterm birth: a hospital-based cohort study. JAMA 1998;280: 18491854.
  • 4
    National Vital Statistics Report 2002;50: No. 5.
  • 5
    Joseph KS, Kramer MS, Marcoux S, et al. Determinants of preterm birth rates in Canada from 1981 through 1983 and from 1992 through 1994. N Engl J Med 1998;339: 14341439.
  • 6
    Lutinier B. La fecondité s'est stabilisée en 1994. INSEE 1996; No. 503.
  • 7
    Lockwood C, Kuczynski E. Markers of preterm delivery risk. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1998;12: 301303.
  • 8
    Lo YMD, Corbetta N, Chamberlain PF, et al. Presence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma and serum. Lancet 1997;350: 485487.
  • 9
    Hoesli I, Danek M, Lin D, Li Y, Hahn S, Holzgreve W. Circulating erythroblasts in maternal blood are not elevated before onset of preterm labor. Obstet Gynecol 2002;100: 992996.
  • 10
    Hoesli I, Surbek DV, Tercanli S, Holzgreve W. Three dimensional volume measurement of the cervix during pregnancy compared to conventional 2D-sonography. Intern J Gynecol Obstet 1999;64: 115119.
  • 11
    Goldberg J, Newman RB, Rust PF. Interobserver reliability of digital and endovaginal ultrasonographic cervical length measurements. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177: 853858.
  • 12
    Heath VCF, Southall TR, Souka AP, Novakov A, Nikolaides KH. Cervical length at 23 weeks of gestation: relation to demographic characteristics and previous obstetric history. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1998;12: 304311.
  • 13
    Zorzoli A, Soliani A, Perra M, Caravelli E, Galimberti A, Nicolini U. Cervical changes throughout pregnancy as assessed by transvaginal sonography. Obstet Gynecol 1994;84: 960964.
  • 14
    Okitsu O, Mimura T, Nakayama T, Aono T. Early prediction of preterm delivery by transvaginal ultrasonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1992;2: 402409.
  • 15
    Anderson HF. Transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasonography of the uterine cervix during pregnancy. J Clin Ultrasound 1991;19: 7783.
  • 16
    Gomez R, Galasso M, Romero R, et al. Ultrasonographic examination of the uterine cervix is better than cervical digital examination as a predictor of the likelihood of premature delivery in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1994;171: 956964.
  • 17
    Berghella V, Tolosa JE, Kuhlmann K, Weiner S, Bolognese RJ, Wapner RJ. Cervical ultrasonography compared with manual examination as a predictor of preterm delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177: 723.
  • 18
    Leitich H, Brunbauer M, Kaider A, Egarter CH, Husslein P. Cervical length and dilatation of the internal cervical os detected by vaginal ultrasonography as markers for preterm delivery: a systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1999;181: 14651472.
  • 19
    Rozenberg P, Gillet A, Ville Y. Transvaginal sonographic examination of the cervix in asymptomatic pregnant women: review of the literature. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002;19: 302311.
  • 20
    Guzman ER, Walters C, O'Reilly-Green C, et al. Use of cervical ultrasonography in prediction of spontaneous preterm birth in twin gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;183: 11031107.
  • 21
    Guzman ER, Walters C, O'Reilly-Green C, et al. Use of cervical ultrasonography in prediction of spontaneous preterm birth in triplet gestation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;183: 11081113.
  • 22
    Iams JD, Goldenberg RL, Meis PJ, et al. The length of the cervix and the risk of spontaneous premature delivery. N Engl J Med 1996;334: 567572.
  • 23
    Hassan S, Romero R, Berry SM, et al. Patients with an ultrasonographic cervical length <15 mm have nearly a 50% risk of early spontaneous preterm delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;182: 14581467.
  • 24
    Althuisius SM, Dekker GA, Hummel P, Bekedam DJ, van Geijn HP. Final results of the Cervical Incompetence Prevention Randomized Cerclage Trial (CIPRACT): therapeutic cerclage with bed rest versus bed rest alone. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;185: 11061112.
  • 25
    Taipale P, Hilesma V. Sonographic measurement of uterine cervix at 18–22 weeks' gestation and the risk of preterm delivery. Obstet Gynecol 1998;92: 902907.