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4-Bromohomoibotenic Acid Selectively Activates a 1-Aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-Dicarboxylic Acid-Insensitive Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Coupled to Phosphoinositide Hydrolysis in Rat Cortical Slices


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. P. J. Conn at Department of Pharmacology, Rollins Research Building, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, U.S.A.


Abstract: Glutamate activates a family of receptors, known as metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), that are coupled to various second messenger systems through G proteins. All mGluR subtypes characterized to date in rat brain slices are activated by the glutamate analogue 1-aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD). However, few agonists are available that selectively activate specific mGluR subtypes. We report that the glutamate analogue (R,S)-4-bromohomoibotenate (BrHI) stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis in rat cerebral cortical slices in a concentration-dependent manner (EC50 = 190 µM). The response to BrHI is stereoselective and is not blocked by ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists. It is interesting that the responses to BrHI and 1S,3R-ACPD are completely additive, suggesting that these responses are mediated by different receptor subtypes. Consistent with this, the response to BrHI is insensitive to l-2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid (l-AP3), whereas the response to 1S,3R-ACPD is partially blocked by l-AP3. BrHI does not activate metabotropic receptors coupled to changes in cyclic AMP accumulation or activation of phospholipase D. Thus, BrHI seems to activate specifically a phosphoinositide hydrolysis-linked mGluR that is insensitive to 1S,3R-ACPD. This compound may prove useful as a tool for elucidating the roles of different mGluR subtypes in mammalian brain.