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Keywords:

  • Dopamine receptors;
  • D4;
  • Cyclic AMP;
  • Variants

Abstract: To investigate whether polymorphic forms of the human dopamine D4 receptor have different functional characteristics, we have stably expressed cDNAs of the D4.2, D4.4, and D4.7 isoforms in several cell lines. Chinese hamster ovary CHO-K1 cell lines expressing D4 receptor variants displayed pharmacological profiles that were in close agreement with previous data from transiently expressed D4 receptors in COS-7 cells. Dopamine stimulation of the D4 receptors resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of the forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels. The potency of dopamine to inhibit cAMP formation was about twofold reduced for D4.7 (EC50 of ∼37 nM) compared with the D4.2 and D4.4 variants (EC50 of ∼16 nM). Antagonists block the dopamine-mediated inhibition of cAMP formation with a rank order of potency of emonapride > haloperidol = clozapine ≫ raclopride. There was no obvious correlation between the efficacy of inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cAMP levels and the D4 subtypes. Dopamine could completely reverse prostaglandin E2-stimulated cAMP levels for all three D4 receptor variants. Deletion of the repeat sequence does not affect functional activity of the receptor. The data presented indicate that the polymorphic repeat sequence causes only small changes in the ability of the D4 receptor to block cAMP production in CHO cells.