Serotonin 5-HT1D and 5-HT1A Receptors Respectively Mediate Inhibition of Glutamate Release and Inhibition of Cyclic GMP Production in Rat Cerebellum In Vitro


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. M. Raiteri at Istituto di Farmacologia e Farmacognosia, Viale Cembrano 4, 16148 Genova, Italy.


Abstract: The K+-evoked overflow of endogenous glutamate from cerebellar synaptosomes was inhibited by serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT); pD2 = 8.95], 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT; pD2 = 7.35), and sumatriptan (pD2 = 8.43). These inhibitions were prevented by the selective 5-HT1D receptor antagonist N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)phenyl]-2′-methyl-4′-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)(1,1-biphenyl)-4-carboxamide (GR-127935). The three agonists tested also inhibited the cyclic GMP (cGMP) response provoked in slices by K+ depolarization; pD2 values were 9.37 (5-HT), 9.00 (8-OH-DPAT), and 8.39 (sumatriptan). When cGMP formation was elevated by directly activating glutamate receptors with NMDA or α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA), the inhibition of the cGMP responses displayed the following pattern: 5-HT (pD2 values of 8.68 and 8.72 against NMDA and AMPA, respectively); 8-OH-DPAT (respective pD2 values of 9.15 and 9.00); sumatriptan (0.1 µM) was ineffective. The 5-HT1A receptor antagonist (S)-(+)N-tert-butyl-3-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl]-2-phenylpropionamide dihydrochloride [(+)-WAY 100135] did not prevent the inhibition of glutamate release by 5-HT but blocked the inhibition by 8-OH-DPAT of the NMDA/AMPA-evoked cGMP responses. It is suggested that presynaptic 5-HT1D receptors mediate inhibition directly of glutamate release and indirectly of the cGMP responses to the released glutamate; on the other hand, activation of (postsynaptic) 5-HT1A receptors causes inhibition of the cGMP responses linked to stimulation of NMDA/AMPA receptors.