Developmental and Regional Expression of NMDA Receptor Subtypes Containing the NR2D Subunit in Rat Brain
Article first published online: 23 NOV 2002
Journal of Neurochemistry
Volume 66, Issue 3, pages 1240–1248, March 1996
How to Cite
Wenzel, A., Villa, M., Mohler, H. and Benke, D. (1996), Developmental and Regional Expression of NMDA Receptor Subtypes Containing the NR2D Subunit in Rat Brain. Journal of Neurochemistry, 66: 1240–1248. doi: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1996.66031240.x
- Issue published online: 23 NOV 2002
- Article first published online: 23 NOV 2002
- Received July 10, 1995; revised manuscript received September 25, 1995; accepted October 9, 1995.
- Glutamate receptors;
- NMDA-R2D subunit;
- NR2D subunit
Abstract: The regional and developmental expression of NMDA receptors containing the NR2D subunit was analyzed on the level of the subunit mRNA and protein in rat brain. RNase protection experiments indicated that among two proposed splice variants of the NR2D subunit, only the NR2D-2 subunit is expressed. The regional distribution of the NR2D subunit protein was visualized with a newly developed NR2D-2 subunit-specific antiserum on brain sections using the histoblot technique. In adult brain, NR2D immunoreactivity was mainly restricted to diencephalic, mesencephalic, and brainstem structures. During postnatal development, the NR2D subunit was detected transiently in certain regions, such as the ventro-basal complex of the thalamus, hippocampus, inferior colliculus, and brainstem reticular formation, suggesting that NR2D subunit-containing receptors play a role in these brain areas only during development. The level of NR2D subunit mRNA and protein decreased during late postnatal development. However, significant levels of NR2D subunit mRNA and protein were present in adulthood, in particular, in the globus pallidus, thalamus, subthalamic nuclei, and superior colliculus. These results indicate a functional relevance for NMDA receptors containing the NR2D subunit in the developing and adult brain, although its expression in the adult brain is less prominent and restricted to a few brain areas.