Abstract: Systemic administration of the anxiogenic benzodiazepine inverse agonist FG 7142 has been shown to increase selectively dopamine utilization in the medial prefrontal cortex and the shell, but not core, subregion of the nucleus accumbens. In the present study, we examined the functional interaction between benzodiazepine and N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor influences on dopamine utilization in these areas. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with the glycine receptor antagonist (+)-HA 966 (15 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline 15 min before FG 7142 (20 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle administration. Subjects were killed 30 min later and assayed for tissue concentrations of dopamine and its major metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in the core and shell subdivisions of the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex. (+)-HA 966 administration blocked FG 7142-induced increased dopamine utilization in both the medial prefrontal cortex and the shell subdivision of the nucleus accumbens. Results are discussed in terms of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor influences on the response of mesoaccumbal dopamine neurons to stress.