Abstract: Parkinson's disease may be linked to defects in mitochondrial function. Mitochondrially transformed cells (cybrids) were created from Parkinson's disease patients or disease-free controls. Parkinson's disease cybrids had 26% less complex I activity, but maintained comparable basal calcium and energy levels. Parkinson's disease cybrids recovered from a carbachol-induced increase in cytosolic calcium 53% more slowly than controls even with lanthanum and thapsigargin blockade. Inhibition of complex I with the Parkinson's disease-inducing metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) similarly reduced the rate of recovery after carbachol. This MPP+-induced reduction in recovery rates was much more pronounced in control cybrids than in Parkinson's disease cybrids. Parkinson's disease cybrids had less carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone-releasable calcium. Bypassing complex I with succinate partially restored Parkinson's disease cybrid, and MPP+ suppressed control cybrid recovery rates. The subtle alteration in calcium homeostasis of Parkinson's disease cybrids may reflect an increased susceptibility to cell death under circumstances not ordinarily toxic.