Endogenous Glutamate Increases Extracellular Concentrations of Dopamine, GABA, and Taurine Through NMDA and AMPA/Kainate Receptors in Striatum of the Freely Moving Rat: A Microdialysis Study


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. F. Mora at Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Ciudad Universitaria, s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain.


Abstract: Interactions between glutamate (Glu), dopamine (DA), GABA, and taurine (Tau) were investigated in striatum of the freely moving rat by using microdialysis. Intrastriatal infusions of the selective Glu uptake inhibitor l-trans-pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid (PDC) were used to increase the endogenous extracellular [Glu]. Correlations between extracellular [Glu] and extracellular [DA], [GABA], and [Tau], and the effects of a selective blockade of ionotropic Glu receptors, were studied. PDC (1, 2, and 4 mM) produced a dose-related increase in extracellular [Glu]. At the highest dose of PDC, [Glu] increased from 1.55 ± 0.35 to 6.11 ± 0.88 µM. PDC also increased extracellular [DA], [GABA], and [Tau]. The increasing [Glu] was correlated significantly with increasing [DA], [GABA], and [Tau]. PDC also decreased extracellular concentrations of DA metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acid (HVA). Perfusion with the NMDA-receptor antagonist 3-[(R)-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl]-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (1 mM) or the AMPA/kainate-receptor antagonist 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX) (1 mM) attenuated the increases produced by PDC (4 mM) on [DA], [GABA], and [Tau], and decreases in [DOPAC] and [HVA]. DNQX also attenuated the increases in [Glu] induced by PDC. These data show that endogenous Glu plays a role in modulating the extracellular concentrations of DA, GABA, and Tau in striatum of the freely moving rat.

Abbreviations used: AMPA, α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate; CPP, 3-[(R)-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl]-propyl-1-phosphonic acid; DA, dopamine; DNQX, 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione; DOPAC, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid; Glu, glutamate; HVA, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acid; NMDA, N-methyl-d-aspartate; PDC, l-trans-pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid; Tau, taurine.