• G protein-coupled receptor;
  • gustation;
  • gustatory system;
  • mouse;
  • Sac locus;
  • taste

In the gustatory system, the recognition of sugars, amino acids and bitter-tasting compounds is the function of specialized G protein-coupled receptors. Recently, two members of novel subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors were proposed to function as taste receptors based on their specific expression in taste receptor cells. Here, we report the identification of a third member, T1R3, of this family of receptors. T1R3 maps near the telomere of mouse chromosome 4 rendering it a candidate for the Sac locus, a primary determinant of sweet preference in mice. Consistent with its candidacy for the Sac locus, T1R3 displays taste receptor cell-specific expression. In addition, taster and non-taster strains of mouse harbor different alleles of T1R3.