Anti-transferrin receptor IgG2a (OX26) transport into the brain was studied in rats. Uptake of OX26 in brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) was > 10-fold higher than isotypic, non-immune IgG2a (Ni-IgG2a) when expressed as % ID/g. Accumulation of OX26 in the brain was higher in 15 postnatal (P)-day-old rats than in P0 and adult (P70) rats. Iron-deficiency did not increase OX26 uptake in P15 rats. Three attempts were made to investigate transport from BCECs further into the brain. (i) Using a brain capillary depletion technique, 6–9% of OX26 was identified in the post-capillary compartment consisting of brain parenchyma minus BCECs. (ii) In cisternal CSF, the volume of distribution of OX26 was higher than for Ni-IgG2a when corrected for plasma concentration. (iii) Immunohistochemical mapping revealed the presence of OX26 almost exclusively in BCECs; extravascular staining was observed only in neurons situated periventricularly. The data support the hypothesis of facilitated uptake of OX26 due to the presence of transferrin receptors at the blood–brain barrier (BBB). However, OX26 accumulation in the post-capillary compartment was too small to justify a conclusion of receptor-mediated transcytosis of OX26 occurring in BCECs. Accumulation of OX26 in the post-capillary component may result from a diphasic transport that involves high-affinity accumulation of OX26 by the BCECs, clearly exceeding that of Ni-IgG2a, followed by a second transport mechanism that releases OX26 non-specifically further into the brain. The periventricular localization suggests that OX26 probably also derives from transport across the blood–CSF barrier.