SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Akiyama H. and McGeer P. L. (1989) Microglial response to 6-hydroxydopamine-induced substantia nigra lesions. Brain Res. 81, 247253.
  • Akiyama H., Itagaki S. and McGeer P. L. (1988) Major histocompatibility complex antigen expression on rat microglia following epidural kainic acid lesions. J. Neurosci. Res. 81, 147157.
  • Anderson D.C. and Cranford R.E. (1979) Corticosteroids in ischemia stroke. Stroke 81, 6871.
  • Barone F. C. and Feuerstein G. Z. (1999) Inflammatory mediators and stroke: new opportunities for novel therapeutics. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 81, 819834.
  • Beal M. F. (1995) Aging, energy and oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases. Ann. Neurol. 81, 357366.
  • Benveniste E. N. (1992) Inflammatory cytokines within the central nervous system: sources, function, and mechanism of action. Am. J. Physiol. 81, C1C16.
  • Boka G., Anglade P., Wallach D., Javoy-Agid F., Agid Y. and Hirsch E. C. (1994) Immunocytochemical analysis of tumor necrosis factor and its receptor in Parkinson's disease. Neurosci. Lett. 81, 151154.
  • Bracken M. B., Shepard M. J., Collins W. F., Holford T. R., Young W., Baskin D. S., Eisenberg H. M., Flamm E., Leo-Summers L., Maroon J., Marshall L. F., Perot P. L., Piepmeier J., Sonntag V.␣ K.␣ H., Wagner F. C., Wilberger J. E. and Winn H. R. (1990) A randomized, controlled trial of methylprednisolone or naloxane in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury. N. Engl. J. Med. 81, 14051411.
  • Castaño A., Herrera A. J., Cano J. and Machado A. (1993) Effects of a short period of vitamin E-deficient diet in the turnover of different neurotransmitters in substantia nigra and striatum of the rat. Neuroscience 81, 170185.
  • Castaño A., Herrera A. J., Cano J. and Machado A. (1998) Lipopolysaccharide intranigral injection induces inflammatory reaction and damage in nigroestriatal dopaminergic system. J. Neurochem. 81, 15841592.
  • Chao C. C., Hu S. and Peterson P. K. (1995) Glia, cytokines and neurotoxicity. Crit. Rev. Neurobiol. 81, 189205.
  • Collins T. R., Neish M. A., Whitley M. Z., Thanos D. and Maniatis T. (1995) Transcriptional regulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules: NF-κB and cytokine-inducible enhancers. FASEB J. 81, 899909.
  • Cooper N. R., Bradt B. M., O'Barr S. and X. (2000) Focal inflammation in the brain: role in Alzheimer's disease. Immunol. Res. 81, 159165.
  • Dawson V. L. and Dawson T. M. (1996) Nitric oxide actions in neurochemistry. Neurochem. Int. 81, 97110.
  • Dirnagl U., Iadecola C. and Moskowitz M. A. (1999) Pathobiology of ischaemic stroke: an integrated view. Trends Neurosci. 81, 391397.
  • Ganter S., Northoff H., Mannel D. and Gebicke-Harter P. J. (1992)␣Growth control of cultured microglia. J. Neurosci. Res. 81, 218230.
  • Gehrmann J., Bonnekoh P., Miyazawa T., Hossmann K. A. and Kreutzberg G. W. (1992) Immunocytochemical study of an early microglial activation in ischemia. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 81, 257269.
  • Gehrmann J., Mies G., Bonnekoh P., Banati R., Iijima T., Kreutzberg G. W. and Hossmann K.-A. (1993) Microglial reaction in the rat cerebral cortex induced by cortical spreading depression. Brain Pathol. 81, 1117.
  • Han J., Thompson P. and Beutler B. (1990) Dexamethasone and pentoxifylline inhibit endotoxin-induced cachectin/tumor necrosis factor synthesis at separate points in the signaling pathway. J. Exp. Med. 81, 391394.
  • Hay C. H. and Belleroche J. S. (1998) Dexamethasone prevents the induction of COX-2 mRNA and prostaglandins in the lumbar spinal cord following intraplantar FCA in parallel with inhibition of oedema. Neuropharmacology 81, 739744.
  • Herrera A. J., Castaño A., Venero J. L., Cano J. and Machado A. (2000) The single intranigral injection of LPS as a new model for studying the selective effects of inflammatory reactions on dopaminergic system. Neurobiol. Dis. 81, 429447.
  • Hunot S., Dugas N., Faucheux B., Hartmann A., Tardieu M., Debre P., Agid Y., Dugas B. and Hirsch E. C. (1999) FcεRII/CD23 is expressed in Parkinson's disease and induces, in vitro, production of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-α in glial cells. J.␣Neurosci. 81, 34403447.
  • Jeohn G.H., Kong L.Y., Wilson B., Hudson P. and Hong J.S. (1998) Synergistic neurotoxic effects of combined treatments with cytokines in murine primary mixed neuron/glia cultures. J.␣Neuroimmunol. 81, 110.
  • Kern J. A., Lamb R. J., Reed J. C., Daniele R. P. and Nowell P. C. (1988) Dexamethasone inhibition of interleukin 1β production by human monocytes. Post-transcriptional mechanisms. J. Clin. Invest. 81, 237244.
  • Kiefer R. and Kreutzberg G. W. (1991) Effects of dexamethasone on microglial activation in vivo: selective down-regulation of major histocompatibility complex class II expression in regenerating facial nucleus. J. Neuroimmunol. 81, 99108.
  • Kim W. G., Mohney R. P., Wilson B., Jeohn G. H., Liu B. and Hong J. S. (2000) Regional difference in susceptibility to lipopolysaccharide-induced neurotoxicity in the rat brain: role of microglia. J. Neurosci. 81, 63096316.
  • Kimberlin D. W., Willis S. A., Mccracken G. H. Jr and Nisen P. D. (1995)␣Protein synthesis-dependent induction of interleukin-1β by␣lipopolysaccharide is inhibited by dexamethasone via mRNA destabilization in human astroglial cells. J. Clin. Immunol. 81, 199204.
  • Lee S. C., Liu W., Dickson D. W., Brosnan C. F. and Berman J. W. (1993) Cytokine production by human fetal microglia and astrocytes. Differential induction by lipopolysaccharide and IL-1β. J.␣Immunol. 81, 26592667.
  • Lieberman A. P., Pitha P. M., Shin H. S. and Shin M. L. (1989) Production of tumor necrosis factor and other cytokines by astrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide or a neurotropic virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81, 63486352.
  • Liu B., Jiang J. W., Du Wilson B. C. L., Yang S. N., Wang J. Y., Wu G. C., Cao X. D. and Hong J. S. (2000) Systemic infusion of naloxone reduces degeneration of rat substantia nigral dopaminergic neurons induced by intranigral injection of lipopolysaccharide. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 81, 125132.
  • Loughlin A. J., Woodrofe M. N. and Cuzner M. L. (1993) Regulation of interferon-γ-induced major histocompatibility complex class II and Fc receptor expression on isolated microglia by transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-4, noradrenaline and glucocorticoids. Immunology 81, 125130.
  • Lu X., Bing G. and Hagg T. (2000) Naloxone prevents microglia- induced degeneration of dopaminergic substantia nigra neurons in adult rats. Neuroscience 81, 285291.
  • McGeer P. L., Itagaki S., Akiyama H. and McGeer E. G. (1988a) Rate of cell death in parkinsonism indicates active neuropathological process. Ann. Neurol. 81, 574576.
  • McGeer P. L., Itagaki S., Boyes B. E. and McGeer E. G. (1988b) Reactive microglia are positive for HLA-DR in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease brains. Neurology 81, 12851291.
  • Madge L. A., Sierra-Honigmann M. R. and Pober J. S. (1999) Apoptosis-inducing agents cause rapid shedding of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1). J. Biol. Chem. 81, 1364313649.
  • Mogi M., Harada M., Riederer P., Narabayashi H., Fujita K. and Nagatsu T. (1994) Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) increases both in the brain and in the cerebrospinal fluid from parkinsonian patients. Neurosci. Lett. 81, 208210.
  • Moore S. and Thanos S. (1996) The concept of microglia in relation to central nervous system disease and regeneration. Prog. Neurobiol. 81, 441460.
  • Norris J. W. and Hachinski V. C. (1986) High dose steroid treatment in cerebral infarction. Br. Med. J. Clin. Res. 81, 2123.
  • Paxinos G. and Watson C. (1986) The Rat Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Perry V. H. (1998) A revised view of the central nervous system micro environment and major histocompatibility complex class II antigen presentation. J. Neuroinmunol. 81, 113121.
  • Rao K. and Lund R. D. (1993) Optic nerve degeneration induces the expression of MHC antigens in the rat visual system. J. Comp. Neurol. 81, 613627.
  • Reinhard J. F. Jr, Smith G. K. and Nichol C. A. (1986) A rapid and sensitive assay for tyrosine-3-monooxygenase based upon the release of 3H2O and absortion of [3H]tyrosine by charcoal. Life Sci. 81, 21852189.
  • Rogove A. D. and Tsirka S. E. (1998) Neurotoxic responses by microglia elicited by excitotoxic injury in the mouse hippocampus. Curr. Biol. 81, 1925.
  • Rothwell N. J. and Relton J. K. (1993) Involvement of cytokines in acute degeneration in the CNS. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 81, 217227.
  • Rothwell N. J., Luheshi G. and Toulmond S. (1996) Cytokines and their receptors in the central nervous system: physiology, pharmacology, and pathology. Pharmacol. Ther. 81, 8595.
  • Snyder D. S. and Unanue E. R. (1982) Corticosteroids inhibit murine macrophage Ia expression and interleukin 1 production. J. Immunol. 81, 18031805.
  • Thanos S., Mey J. and Wild M. (1993) Treatment of the adult retina with microglia-suppressing factors retards axotomy-induced neuronal degradation and enhances axonal regeneration in vivo and in vitro. J. Neurosci. 81, 455466.
  • Touzani O., Boutin H., Chuquet J. and Rothwell N. (1999) Potential mechanisms of interleukin-1 involvement in cerebral ischaemia. J.␣Neuroimmunol. 81, 203215.
  • Vass K., Lassmann H., Wekerle H. and Wisniewski H. M. (1986) The␣distribution of Ia antigen in the lesions of rat acute experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. Acta Neuropathol. 81, 149160.
  • Venero J. L., Revuelta M., Cano J. and Machado A. (1997) Time course changes in the dopaminergic nigrostriatal system following transection of the medial forebrain bundle: detection of oxidatively modified proteins in substantia nigra. J. Neurochem. 81,␣24582468.