Mechanisms of ligand binding and efficacy at the human D2(short) dopamine receptor


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Mechanisms of ligand binding and receptor activation for the human D2(short) dopamine receptor have been probed using two homologous series of monohydroxylated and dihydroxylated agonists (phenylethylamines and 2-dipropylaminotetralins). In ligand binding studies, the majority of compounds exhibited competition curves versus [3H]spiperone that were best fitted using a two site binding model. The compounds had different abilities (potencies and maximal effects) to stimulate [35S]GTPγS binding and to inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation. From the data it can be concluded that: (i) the ability of an agonist to stabilize receptor/G protein coupling can be used to predict agonist efficacy for some groups of compounds (2-dipropylaminotetralins) but not for others (phenylethylamines); (ii) the receptor may be activated by unhydroxylated compounds; (iii) single hydroxyl groups or pairs of hydroxyl groups on the agonist may contribute tobinding affinity, potency and efficacy; and (iv) for the 2-dipropylaminotetralin series two modes of agonist/receptor interaction have been identified associated with different relative efficacy.