Mechanisms of ligand binding and efficacy at the human D2(short) dopamine receptor

Authors


Address correspondence and reprint requests to Philip G. Strange, School of Animal and Microbial Sciences. University of Reading, PO Box 228, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK. E-mail: P.G.Strange@rdg.ac.uk

Abstract

Mechanisms of ligand binding and receptor activation for the human D2(short) dopamine receptor have been probed using two homologous series of monohydroxylated and dihydroxylated agonists (phenylethylamines and 2-dipropylaminotetralins). In ligand binding studies, the majority of compounds exhibited competition curves versus [3H]spiperone that were best fitted using a two site binding model. The compounds had different abilities (potencies and maximal effects) to stimulate [35S]GTPγS binding and to inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation. From the data it can be concluded that: (i) the ability of an agonist to stabilize receptor/G protein coupling can be used to predict agonist efficacy for some groups of compounds (2-dipropylaminotetralins) but not for others (phenylethylamines); (ii) the receptor may be activated by unhydroxylated compounds; (iii) single hydroxyl groups or pairs of hydroxyl groups on the agonist may contribute tobinding affinity, potency and efficacy; and (iv) for the 2-dipropylaminotetralin series two modes of agonist/receptor interaction have been identified associated with different relative efficacy.

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