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Keywords:

  • bootstrap;
  • computer program;
  • jackknife;
  • natural populations;
  • permutation test;
  • relatedness

Abstract

The computer program identix estimates relatedness in natural populations using multilocus genotypic data. Queller & Goodnight's (1989) and Lynch & Ritland's (1999) estimators of pairwise relatedness are implemented, as well as the identity index of Mathieu et al. (1990). Estimates of the confidence intervals around these pairwise values are also provided. The null hypothesis of no relatedness (multilocus genotypes are independent draws from a panmictic population) is tested using a permutation method that compares the observed distribution of the moments of pairwise relatedness coefficients to that expected in unstructured population.