We describe the isolation and characterization of the first microsatellite loci specifically developed for the Common Eider duck, Somateria mollissima. Our 10 loci show Mendelian inheritance and no linkage disequilibrium between any pair of loci. In the Eider duck, we observed between two and 16 alleles per locus, an expected heterozygosity between 0.31 and 0.97, and an observed heterozygosity between 0.14 and 1.00. Most primers also yield reproducible results in several other anatid species. These loci comprise a set of autosomal molecular markers for various applications, from moderately polymorphic loci suitable for population studies to highly polymorphic loci for pedigree analysis in waterfowl.