• Babineau, T.J., Marcello, P., Swails, W., Kenler, A., Bistrian, B. and Forse, R.A. (1994) Randomized phase I/II trial of a macrophage-specific immunomodulator (PPG-glucan) in high-risk surgical patients. Annals of Surgery 220, 601609.
  • Bacon, J.S.D., Farmer, V.C., Jones, D. and Taylor, I.F. (1969) The glucan components of the cell wall of Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) considered in relation to its ultrastructure. Biochemical Journal 114, 557569.
  • Brown, G.D. and Gordon, S. (2001) A new receptor for β-glucans. Nature 413, 3637.
  • Chihara, G. (1992) Recent progress in immunopharmacology and therapeutic effects of polysaccharides. Development of Biological Standards 77, 191197.
  • Cleary, J.A., Kelly, G.E. and Husband, A.J. (1999) The effect of molecular weight and β-1,6-linkages on priming of macrophage function in mice by (1,3)-β-D-glucan. Immunology and Cell Biology 77, 395403.
  • Czop, J.K. and Kay, J. (1991) Isolation and characterization of β-glucan receptors on human mononuclear phagocytes. Journal of Experimental Medicine 173, 15111520.
  • DiLuzio, N.R. (1983) Immunopharmacology of glucan: a broad spectrum enhancer of host defense mechanisms. Trends in Pharmacological Science 4, 344347.
  • Gallin, E.K., Green, S.W. and Patchen, M.L. (1992) Comparative effects of particulate and soluble glucan on macrophages of C3H/HeN and C3H/HeJ mice. International Journal of Immunopharmacology 14, 173183.
  • Goldman, R. (1988) Characteristics of the β-glucan receptor of murine macrophages. Experimental Cell Research 174, 481490.
  • Hata, H., Onishi, H. and Machida, Y. (2000) Preparation of CM-chitin microspheres by complexation with iron (III) in w/o emulsion and their biodisposition characteristics in mice. Biomaterials 21, 17791788.
  • Levis, S.R. and Deasy, P.B. (2001) Pharmaceutical applications of size reduced grades of surfactant co-processed microcrystalline cellulose. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 6, 2533.
  • Manners, D.J., Masson, A.J. and Patterson, J.C. (1973) The structure of a b-(1,3)-D-glucan from yeast cell walls. Biochemical Journal 135, 1930.
  • Reynolds, J.A., Kastello, M.D., Harrington, D.G., Crabbs, C.L., Peters, C.J., Jemski, J.V., Scott, G.H. and Di Luzio, N.R. (1980) Glucan-induced enhancement of host resistance to selected infectious diseases. Infection and Immunity 30, 5157.
  • Suzuki, I., Tanaka, H., Kinoshita, A., Oikawa, S., Osawa, M. and Yadomae, T. (1990) Effect of orally administered beta-glucan on macrophage function in mice. International Journal of Immunopharmacology 12, 675684.
  • Tabata, Y. and Ikada, Y. (1988) Effect of the size and surface charge of polymer microspheres on their phagocytosis by macrophages. Biomaterials 9, 356362.
  • Williams, D.L., Pretus, H.A., Mcnamee, R.B., Jones, E.L., Ensley, H.W. and Browder, I.W. (1992) Development of a water-soluble, sulfated (1->3)-beta-D-glucan biological response modifier derivedfrom Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Carbohydrate Research 235, 247257.