Practice development: purpose, methodology, facilitation and evaluation

Authors


  • Authors: K Manley, PhD, MN, BA, RGN, Dip N (Lond), RCNT, PGCEA, CBE, Head of Practice Development, Royal College of Nursing Institute, London and Visiting Professor, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, Brendan McCormack, DPHIL (OXON), BSc (Hons) Nursing, PGCEA, RGN, RMN, Professor of Nursing Research, University of Ulster and Director of Nursing Research and Practice Development, Royal Hospitals Trust, Belfast

Address for correspondence: K Manley, Head of Practice Development, Royal College of Nursing Institute, Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1M 0RN
E-mail: kim.manley@rcn.org.uk

Summary

  • Different approaches to practice development are associated with different assumptions, and these need to be made explicit if ­practice development is to be transparent, rigorous and systematic in its intentions and approaches
  • A practice development methodology underpinned by critical social science is advocated because it focuses on achieving sustain­able change through practitioner enlightenment, empowerment and emancipation and an associated culture, rather than focusing only on technical practice development
  • Implications of different worldviews about practice development for facilitation and outcome evaluation are highlighted
  • Emancipatory practice development underpinned by critical social science is argued as synonymous to emancipatory action research

Ancillary