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Keywords:

  • Cerebral hypoxia ;
  • Head injury ;
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring ;
  • Intracranial pressure ;
  • Nursing care ;
  • Secondary brain damage

SUMMARY

  • • 
    This article aims to review the current evidence in relation to acute head injury care
  • • 
    Head injuries are a frequent cause of death and disability in western society with the first 72 h being an important period for prevention of further brain damage
  • • 
    The underlying physiology behind head injury and intracranial pressure will be discussed
  • • 
    The monitoring of intracranial pressure and implications for practice will be addressed
  • • 
    The specialized nursing care and drug therapy management that is necessary for acute head injury patients will be highlighted
  • • 
    Recommendations for practice will be given