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Background:Triplet births, which have increased greatly throughout the world in recent years, have a much greater risk of poor birth outcome than singleton births. The purpose of this study was to determine the perinatal outcome associated with triplet pregnancies and to compare abdominal delivery with vaginal delivery.Methods:We conducted a retrospective study of 41 sets of triplets born between January 1, 1994, and June 30, 1999, at the Princess Badee'a Teaching Hospital in Amman, Jordan. The primary outcome measures were perinatal mortality and early neonatal complications.Results:Of these sets, 21 triplets were delivered vaginally and 20 triplets were delivered by cesarean section. The perinatal mortality rate was 260 per 1000 live births in this series, primarily due to respiratory distress syndrome. The perinatal deaths occurred to infants whose birthweights were primarily 500 to 1500 g (90.6%). Breech presentation was associated with a significantly higher perinatal mortality rate than vertex presentation (62.5% vs 37.5%). Cesarean delivery was associated with a higher perinatal mortality rate than vaginal delivery (30.0% vs 22.2%).Conclusions:These results suggested that cesarean delivery in triplets is not superior to vaginal delivery in terms of fetal and early neonatal outcome. The perinatal mortality rate was significantly higher than that in other recent series due to limited resources in Jordan.