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Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Synopsis

Authors

  • Murray Enkin MD, FRCS(C), LLD,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • Marc J.N.C. Keirse MD, DPhil, DPH, FRANZCOG, FRCOG,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • James Neilson BSc, MD, FRCOG,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • Caroline Crowther MD, DCH, DDU, FRCOG, FRANZCOG,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • Lelia Duley MD, MSc(Epid), MRCOG,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • Ellen Hodnett RN, PhD,

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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  • G. Justus Hofmeyr MBBCH, MRCOG

    1. Murray Enkin is Professor Emeritus, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Marc Keirse is Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, The Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia; James Neilson is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Caroline Crowther is Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia; Lelia Duley is Obstetric Epidemiologist, Institute of Health Sciences, Oxford, United Kingdom; Ellen Hodnett is Professor and Heather M. Reisman Chair in Perinatal Nursing Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Justus Hofmeyr is Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coronation Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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EDITOR'S NOTE:

This article is the text and six tables from the final chapter (Chapter 50) of the new third edition of A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. It summarizes the authors' conclusions and recommendations, based on the information they have compiled in the book about the beneficial or harmful effects of the various elements of care used during pregnancy and childbirth. The chapter numbers refer the reader to the relevant chapter of the book.

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