China is the largest developing country in the world with wounds occuring everyday and everywhere, representing one of the main killers of people. Prevention and treatment of wounds are the main tasks for Chinese surgeons. Although wound care and management have a long history in China, wound healing research and management have made significant progress only in recent years. In this article we give a brief account of the history of wound care and management in China. In addition, we introduce the main research fields and achievements in tissue repair and regeneration during recent times in this country. We hope that these works will benefit our foreign colleagues to know our work and enhance the communication among us.