Textural evolution in the transition from subsolidus annealing to melting process, Velay Dome, French Massif Central
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume 17, Issue 1, pages 61–74, January 1999
How to Cite
Dallain, Schulmann and Ledru (1999), Textural evolution in the transition from subsolidus annealing to melting process, Velay Dome, French Massif Central. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 17: 61–74. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1314.1999.00176.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- orthogneiss migmatite;
- solid state annealing;
- textural analysis.
Petrographic analysis is a useful, but underused tool to aid in distinguishing between subsolidus and anatetic-related textures in migmatites. This study focuses on assessing the relative contributions of these two processes in the development of migmatitic orthogneiss textures in the Velay Massif, French Massif Central. The results of this study show that subsolidus processes are more important in the development of migmatitic textures in the orthogneiss than anatectic leucosome development. Four textural stages are identified from the mylonitic non-anatectic orthogneiss, annealed, migmatitic orthogneiss to diatexite. The monomineralic K-feldspar and plagioclase–muscovite banding was transformed with increasing temperature to polymineralic plagioclase–quartz–muscovite and K-feldspar–quartz–muscovite layers by the wetting of feldspar boundaries during heterogeneous nucleation of quartz from a fluid phase at high surface energy triple points. A further increase of temperature led to the growth of K-feldspar probably related to production of small amounts of melt in plagioclase rich aggregates, controlled by muscovite abundance. Solid state annealing processes in conjunction with incipient anatexis resulted in the formation of apparent granitic-like textures in plagioclase dominated aggregates. By contrast, in K-feldspar dominated aggregates exclusively subsolidus processes prevail, leading to the development of coarse grained leucosome. With the onset of biotite dehydration melting the plagioclase-dominated aggregates are destroyed by the melt whereas the K-feldspar aggregates may be preserved.