This study investigated the current situation of home nursing services in Taiwan. A total of 93 home nursing agencies (response rate of 75%) responded to a mail survey. The majority of the agencies (63%) had been established within the last 3 years before the survey, were hospital-based (90%), and had less than 60 (89.3%) average total number of visits per month per nurse. Most of the home care nurses had taken home care nursing training courses and had at least 2 years of clinical experience. Half of the agencies provided care for patients on a respirator, and 28% provided in-home hospice care. Almost a third of the agencies performed poorly in the areas of supply management, supervision of home visits, and quality monitoring and improvement mechanisms. Several suggestions for the development of home nursing services in Taiwan are made.