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Missouri Rural Adolescent Pregnancy Project (MORAPP)

Authors

  • Norma E Anderson B.S.N., M.P.H., Ph.D., R.N.C.,

    1. Norma E. Anderson is an Associate Professor of Nursing, Dolores V. Smiley, is an Emeritus Associate Professor of Nursing, Louise H. Flick is a Professor of Nursing, and Cecilia Y. Lewis is an Assistant Professor of Biostatistics for Nursing, Saint Louis University School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri.
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  • Dolores V Smiley B.S.N., M.P.H., M.S.N., Ed.D., R.N.C.,

    1. Norma E. Anderson is an Associate Professor of Nursing, Dolores V. Smiley, is an Emeritus Associate Professor of Nursing, Louise H. Flick is a Professor of Nursing, and Cecilia Y. Lewis is an Assistant Professor of Biostatistics for Nursing, Saint Louis University School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri.
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  • Louise H Flick B.S.N., M.S.N., Dr.Ph., R.N., C.S.,

    1. Norma E. Anderson is an Associate Professor of Nursing, Dolores V. Smiley, is an Emeritus Associate Professor of Nursing, Louise H. Flick is a Professor of Nursing, and Cecilia Y. Lewis is an Assistant Professor of Biostatistics for Nursing, Saint Louis University School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri.
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  • Cecilia Y Lewis B.S., M.S., Ph.D.

    1. Norma E. Anderson is an Associate Professor of Nursing, Dolores V. Smiley, is an Emeritus Associate Professor of Nursing, Louise H. Flick is a Professor of Nursing, and Cecilia Y. Lewis is an Assistant Professor of Biostatistics for Nursing, Saint Louis University School of Nursing, St. Louis, Missouri.
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Address correspondence to Norma E. Anderson, Saint Louis University of School of Nursing, 3525 Caroline Mall, St. Louis, MO 63104. E-mail: andersne@slu.edu

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pregnancy outcomes and services available to adolescent women in Missouri, comparing rural and urban residents. A secondary analysis of a large public use data set obtained from the Missouri Department of Health was done for the 5-year period 1992 to 1996. Data were collected by county, with each of the 114 counties of the state classified as rural or urban. The SAS program was used for analysis. Results demonstrated definite patterns of similarity and dissimilarity among the teen mothers based on residence, when age and race were controlled. There were over 54,000 births to adolescent mothers in the 5-year study period. Among the outcomes of pregnancy studied were: abortion rates, inadequate weight gain, intrauterine growth retardation, and low-birthweight (LBW) infants. Among the services available to the young mothers that were studied were fertility services, WIC (women, infants, and children supplemental nutrition) program, food stamps, and Medicaid coverage for pregnancy and infant care. The outcomes are probably generalizable to Midwestern, rural/urban states similar to Missouri.

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