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Factors Associated with Cane Use Among Community Dwelling Older Adults

Authors

  • Faranak Aminzadeh R.N., B.Sc.N., M.Sc.N.,

    1. Faranak Aminzadeh is a Geriatric Assessor/Research Associate, Ottawa-Carleton Regional Geriatric Assessment Program, Ontario, Canada, and Associate, Community Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Nancy Edwards is an Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Director, Community Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
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  • Nancy Edwards R.N., B.Sc.N., M.Sc., Ph.D.

    1. Faranak Aminzadeh is a Geriatric Assessor/Research Associate, Ottawa-Carleton Regional Geriatric Assessment Program, Ontario, Canada, and Associate, Community Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Nancy Edwards is an Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Director, Community Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
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Address correspondence to Faranak Aminzadeh, 39 Robertson Rd., Suite 100, Nepean, Ontario, K2H 8R2, Canada. E-mail: faminzadeh@qch.ochin.on.ca

Abstract

Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study examined factors associated with cane use among community dwelling older adults. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 106 community residing older adults in Ottawa, Canada. Using a stepwise discriminant analysis, subjective norms, attitudes, and age surfaced as the key variables associated with cane use in this sample. The discriminant function accounted for 67% of the variance in cane use and correctly classified 91% of cases (Wilks's λ= 0.33, χ2= 110.12, df = 3, p < 0.0001). The findings provide evidence for the utility of the TPB in its application to understanding cane use behaviors of older persons and have important implications for the design of theory-based fall prevention interventions to enhance the acceptance and effective use of mobility aids.

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