The purpose of this study was to clarify the dynamic causal relationships among arteriosclerotic risk factors, including age, smoking, alcoholic consumption, exercise, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypertension. Data were collected from the medical records of 400 male clients who visited a university hospital located in Inchon, Korea, from May 1996 to December 1996 for physical examinations. The Lineal Structural Relationships 8 program was used to verify the fitness of the hypothetical model to data.
All of the fit statistics, except the Chi-square value, showed that the hypothetical model was well fitted to the data. Seven percent of obesity was explained by the variables of age, smoking, alcohol consumption, and exercise. Sixty percent of hyperlipidemia could be explained by the variables of age, smoking, exercise, and obesity. And 22% of hypertension was explained by the variables of age, smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, and hyperlipidemia. Our results showed that these risk factors were directly and indirectly interrelated, and lifestyle variables (smoking, alcohol consumption, and exercise) influence almost all of arteriosclerotic risk factors.