Pattern of Skin Disease at the Ethio-Swedish Pediatric Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


Address correspondence to Dagnatchew Shibeshi, M.D., Head, Dermatology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 2380, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Abstract: Although skin diseases are common in children, only a very few prospective studies are available, in the literature, mainly from developed countries. This work reports the pattern of skin diseases in a tertiary referral hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from June 1995 to July 1997. A total of 1000 consecutive new pediatric patients, ages 0–12 years, were studied. The male:female ratio was 1:1. Allergic skin diseases were most frequently found (55%), followed by infections (33%) and photodermatosis (8%). Of the allergic skin diseases, atopic dermatitis was the most prevalent (47%), followed by seborrheic dermatitis (17.4%).