Dermatologic fungal infections are thought to occur less frequently in children than in adults. This study, performed over a 5-year period, emphasizes the interregional variability of dermatophytes that cause skin and cutaneous apprendageal diseases in children. In northeast France, two-thirds of dermatophytoses are due to zoophilic fungi, while they are most commonly caused by anthropophilic agents in the Paris region and in other countries. The clinical features of pediatric dermatophytoses vary with the age of the child: tinea capitis and tinea corporis are far more frequent before the age of 12 years. After the age of 12, even if these are still quite frequent, tinea pedis and onychomycosis become more common.