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Epidemiology of Childhood Vitiligo: A Study of 625 Patients from North India

Authors

  • Sanjeev Handa , M.D., M.N.A.M.S.,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
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  • Sunil Dogra , M.D., D.N.B.

    1. Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
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Address correspondence to Sanjeev Handa, M.D., Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, PGIMER, Chandigarh – 160 012, India, or e-mail: handa_sanjeev@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Abstract: To study the clinical and epidemiologic profile of childhood vitiligo, we retrospectively analyzed the data of children with vitiligo attending the pigmentary clinic of our center. Of the 625 children seen over 10 years, 357 (57.1%) were girls and 268 (42.9%) were boys. As compared to adult patients with vitiligo, this sex difference was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.001). The mean age of onset of the disease was 6.2 years. Vitiligo vulgaris (generalized vitiligo) was the most common type, followed by focal, segmental, acrofacial, mucosal, and universal, in that order. The most frequent site of onset was the head and neck, followed by the lower limbs, trunk, upper limbs, and mucosae. Leukotrichia was present in 77 patients (12.3%), while Koebner phenomenon was observed in 71 patients (11.3%). Halo nevi were observed in 29 patients (4.4%). Seventy-six patients (12.2%) had a family history of vitiligo. Eight patients (1.3%) had an associated autoimmune disease. These associated disorders were alopecia areata in two patients, and diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, Addison disease, polyglandular syndrome, and pemphigus vulgaris in one patient each.

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