Venous Thromboembolism in Pregnancy
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume 16, Issue 1, pages 22–28, January/February 2001
How to Cite
Shapiro, J. M. (2001), Venous Thromboembolism in Pregnancy. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine, 16: 22–28. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1489.2001.00022.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Received Mar 30, 2000, and in revised form May 31, 2000. Accepted for publication Jun 2, 2000.
The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increased in pregnancy and puerperium. Thrombophilia has been identified in pregnancy-related VTE. Venous ultrasound and ventilation-perfusion lung scanning are the initial tests; pulmonary angiography should be performed if necessary for the definitive diagnosis. Anticoagulation is achieved with heparin antepartum and warfarin postpartum. Low molecular weight heparin has been effective and safe in pregnancy. Thrombolytic therapy has been administered to pregnant patients.