The Efficacy of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for the Management of Chronic Pain
Article first published online: 28 FEB 2002
1997 by the Society of General Internal Medicine
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 12, Issue 6, pages 384–389, June 1997
How to Cite
Jung, A. C., Staiger, T. and Sullivan, M. (1997), The Efficacy of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors for the Management of Chronic Pain. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12: 384–389. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.1997.00064.x
- Issue published online: 28 FEB 2002
- Article first published online: 28 FEB 2002
- Cited By
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the management of chronic pain.
METHODS: Randomized, controlled trials of SSRIs in the management of chronic pain were identified by searching MEDLINE from 1966 to 1997 and by contacting the manufacturers of SSRIs available in the United States.
MAIN RESULTS: Nineteen studies were identified, including 10 on the treatment of headache, 3 on diabetic neuropathy, 3 on fibromyalgia, and 3 on mixed-chronic pain. SSRIs were consistently helpful for mixed-chronic pain. Results were conflicting for migraine headache, tension headache, diabetic neuropathy, and fibromyalgia.
CONCLUSIONS: SSRIs appear to be beneficial for mixed-chronic pain. It is unclear, from the available evidence, whether SSRIs are beneficial for migraine headaches, tension headaches, diabetic neuropathy, or fibromyalgia. For those patients it may be reasonable to reserve SSRIs for those who fail to respond to other medications or who are intolerant of their side effects.
KEY WORDS: chronic pain, management of; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.