Dual Use of VA and Non-VA Primary Care
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
1999 by the Society of General Internal Medicine
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Volume 14, Issue 5, pages 274–280, May 1999
How to Cite
Borowsky, S. J. and Cowper, D. C. (1999), Dual Use of VA and Non-VA Primary Care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 14: 274–280. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.1999.00335.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- primary care;
- patient satisfaction;
- health services research;
OBJECTIVE: To determine how frequently veterans use non-Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) sources of care in addition to primary care provided by the VA and to assess the association of this pattern of “dual use” to patient characteristics and satisfaction with VA care.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional telephone survey of randomly selected patients from four VA medical centers.
PARTICIPANTS: Of 1,240 eligible veterans, 830 (67%) participated in the survey.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Survey data were used to assess whether a veteran reported receiving primary care from both VA and non-VA sources of care, as well as the proportion of all primary care visits made to non-VA providers. Of 577 veterans who reported VA primary care visits, 159 (28%) also reported non-VA primary care visits. Among these dual users the mean proportion of non-VA primary care visits was 0.50. Multivariate analysis revealed that the odds of dual use were reduced for those without insurance (odds ratio [OR] 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.18, 0.66) and with less education (OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.38, 0.92), while increased for those not satisfied with VA care (OR 2.40; 95% CI 1.40, 4.13). Among primary care dual users, the proportion of primary care visits made to non-VA providers was decreased for patients with heart disease ( p < .05) and patients with alcohol or drug dependence ( p < .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Primary care dual use was common among these veterans. Those with more education, those with any type of insurance, and those not satisfied with VA care were more likely to be dual users. Non-VA care accounted for approximately half of dual users’ total primary care visits.