SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical Research. Deciding to Forgo Life-Sustaining Treatment: A Report On The Ethical, Medical and Legal Issues In Treatment Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.
  • 2
    The Hastings Center. Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying: A Report. Briarcliff Manor, NY: The Hastings Center; 1987.
  • 3
    Field MJ, Cassel CK, eds. Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.
  • 4
    Frankl D, Oye RK, Bellamy PE. Attitudes of hospitalized patients toward life support: a survey of 200 medical inpatients. Am J Med. 1989;86: 6458.
  • 5
    Emanuel LL, Barry MJ, Stoeckle JD, Ettelson LM, Emanuel EJ. Advance directives for medical care—a case for greater use. N Engl J Med. 1991;324: 88995.
  • 6
    Reilly BM, Wagner M, Magnussen CR, Ross J, Papa L, Ash J. Promoting inpatient directives about life-sustaining treatments in a community hospital: results of a 3-years time series intervention trial. Arch Intern Med. 1995;155: 231723.
  • 7
    Broadwell AW, Boisaubin EV, Dunn JK, Engelhardt HT Jr. Advance directives on hospital admission: a survey of patient attitudes. South Med J. 1993;86: 1658.
  • 8
    Murphy ST, Palmer JM, Azen S, Frank G, Michel V, Blackhall LJ. Ethnicity and advance care directives. J Law Med Ethics. 1996;24: 10817.
  • 9
    Teno J, Fleishman J, Brock DW, Mor V. The use of formal prior directives among patients with HIV-related diseases. J Gen Intern Med. 1990;5: 4904.
  • 10
    McKinley ED, Garrett JM, Evans AT, Danis M. Differences in end-of-life decision making among black and white ambulatory cancer patients. J Gen Intern Med. 1996;11: 6516.
  • 11
    Sehgal AR, Weisheit C, Miura Y, Butzlaff M, Kielstein R, Taguchi Y. Advance directives and withdrawal of dialysis in the United States, Germany, and Japan. JAMA. 1996;276: 16526.
  • 12
    Blackhall LJ, Murphy ST, Frank G, Michel V, Azen S. Ethnicity and attitudes toward patient autonomy. JAMA. 1995;274: 8205.
  • 13
    Ersek M, Kagawa-Singer M, Barnes D, Blackhall L, Koenig BA. Multicultural considerations in the use of advance directives. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1998;25: 168390.
  • 14
    Oppemheim A, Sprung CL. Cross-cultural ethical decision-making in critical care. Crit Care Med. 1998;26: 4234.
  • 15
    Orr RD, Marshall PA, Osborn J. Cross-cultural considerations in clinical ethics consultations. Arch Fam Med. 1995;4: 15964.
  • 16
    Klessig J. Cross-cultural medicine, a decade later: the effect of values and culture on life-support decisions. West J Med. 1992;157: 31622.
  • 17
    Carrillo JE, Green AR, Betancourt JR. Cross-cultural primary care: a patient-based approach. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130: 82934.
  • 18
    Spector RE. Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness, 4th Ed. Norwalk, Conn: Appleton and Lange;1996.
  • 19
    Ishiwata R, Sakai A. The physician-patient relationship and medical ethics in Japan. Camb Q Healthc Ethics. 1994;3: 606.
  • 20
    Kimura R. Death and dying in Japan. Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 1996;6: 3748.
  • 21
    Ohnuki-Tierney E. Illness and Culture in Contemporary Japan: An Anthropological View. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1992.
  • 22
    Lock M. Contesting the natural in Japan: moral dilemmas and technologies of dying. Cult Med Psychiatry. 1995;19: 238.
  • 23
    Long SO, Long BD. Curable cancer and fatal ulcers. Attitude toward cancer in Japan. Soc Sci Med. 1982;16: 21018.
  • 24
    Tanida N. Japanese attitude towards truth disclosure in cancer. Scand J Soc Med. 1994;22: 507.
  • 25
    Uchitomi Y, Yamawaki S. Truth-telling practice in cancer care in Japan. Ann NY Acad Sci. 1997;809: 2909.
  • 26
    Elwyn TS, Fetters MD, Gorenflo DW, Tsuda T. Cancer disclosure in Japan: historical comparisons, current practices. Soc Sci Med. 1998;46: 115163.
  • 27
    Akabayashi A, Fetters MD, Elwyn TS. Family consent, communication, and advance directives for cancer disclosure: a Japanese case and discussion. J Med Ethics. 1999;25: 296304.
  • 28
    Fetters MD. The family in medical decision making: Japanese perspectives. J Clin Ethics. 1998;9: 13246.
  • 29
    Asai A, Fukuhara S, Inosita O, Miura Y, Tanabe N, Kurokawa K. Medical decisions concerning the end of life: a discussion with Japanese physicians. J Med Ethics. 1997;23: 3237.
  • 30
    Hoshino K, ed. Japanese and Western Bioethics: Studies in Moral Diversity. Dordrecht, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1997.
  • 31
    Long SO. Living poorly or dying well: cultural decisions about life-supporting treatment for American and Japanese patients. J Clin Ethics. 2000;11: 23650.
  • 32
    Fetters MD, Masuda Y. Japanese patients' preferences for receiving cancer test results while in the United States: introducing an advance directive for cancer disclosure. J Pallit Med. 2000;3: 36174.
  • 33
    Masuda Y, Fetters MD, Shimokata H, et al. Outcomes of written living wills in Japan: a survey of the deceased families. Bioethics Forum. 2001;17: 4152.
  • 34
    Kitano HH. Generation and Identity: The Japanese American. Needham Heights, Mass: Ginn Press; 1993.
  • 35
    Connor JW. Tradition and Change in Three Generations of Japanese Americans. Chicago: Nelson-Hall; 1977.
  • 36
    SUPPORT Principal investigators. A controlled trial to improve care for seriously ill hospitalized patients: the Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatments. JAMA. 1995;274: 15918.
  • 37
    Bito S, Matsumura S, Fukuhara S, Wenger NS. Acculturation and end-of-life decision making: focus group comparison of Japanese and Japanese-Americans. J Gen Intern Med. 1998;13(suppl 1):93.
  • 38
    Ware JE, Kosinski M, Keller SD. SF12: How to Score the SF-12 Physical and Mental Health Summary Scales, 2nd Ed. Boston, Mass: New England Medical Center, The Health Institute; 1995.
  • 39
    Ware JE, Snow KK, Kosinski M, Gandek B. SF-36 Health Survey Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston, Mass: New England Medical Center, The Health Institute; 1993.
  • 40
    Fukuhara S, Bito S, Green J, Hsiao A, Kurokawa K. Translation, adaptation, and validation of the SF36 Health Survey for use in Japan. J Clin Epidemiol. 1998;51: 103744.
  • 41
    Ende J, Kazis L, Ash A, Moskowitz MA. Measuring patients' desire for autonomy: decision making and information-seeking preferences among medical patients. J Gen Intern Med. 1989;4: 2330.
  • 42
    Ohki M, Fukuhara S. Development and validation of the autonomy preference index for Japanese subjects. Japan Health Psychol. 1995;3: 1124.
  • 43
    OECD. Purchasing power parity. consumer price levels http://www.oecd.org/pdf/M00009000/M00009294.pdf 2001. Accessed May 16, 2002.
  • 44
    Suinn RM, Rickard-Figueroa K, Lew S, Vigil P. The Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale: an initial report. Edu Psychol Meas. 1987;47: 4017.
  • 45
    Suinn RM, Ahuna C, Khoo G. The Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation Scale: concurrent and factorial validation. Edu Psychol Meas. 1992;52: 10416.
  • 46
    Meredith LS, Wenger NS, Harada N, Liu HH, Kahn KL. Development of a brief scale to measure acculturation among Japanese Americans. J Comm Psych. 2000;28: 10313.
  • 47
    SAS Institute Inc. SAS/STAT User's Guide, Version 6, 4th Ed. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc; 1994.
  • 48
    Mitchell JL. Cross-cultural issues in the disclosure of cancer. Cancer Pract. 1998;6: 15360.DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-5394.1998.006003153.x
  • 49
    Holland JC, Geary N, Marchini A, Tross S. An international survey of physician attitudes and practice in regard to revealing the diagnosis of cancer. Cancer Invest. 1987;5: 1514.
  • 50
    Thomsen OØ, Wulff HR, Martin A, Singer PA. What do gastroenterologists in Europe tell cancer patients. Lancet. 1993;341: 4736.
  • 51
    Braun KL. Death and dying in four Asian American cultures: a descriptive study. Death Stud. 1997;21: 32759.
  • 52
    Carrese JA, Rhodes LA. Western bioethics on the Navajo reservation: benefit or harm? JAMA. 1995;274: 8269.
  • 53
    Layson RT, Adelman HM, Wallach PM, Pfeifer MP, Johnston S, McNutt RA, and the End-of-life Study Group. Discussion about the use of life-sustaining treatments: a literature review of physicians' and patients' attitudes and practices. J Clin Ethics. 1994;5: 195203.
  • 54
    Muller JH, Desmond B. Cross-cultural medicine. A decade later. Ethical dilemmas in a cross-cultural context. A Chinese Example. West J Med. 1992;157: 3237.
  • 55
    Yeo G. Ethical considerations in Asian and Pacific Island elders. Clin Geriatr Med. 1995;11: 13952.
  • 56
    Miles SH, Koepp R, Weber EP. Advance end-of-life treatment planning: a research review. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156: 10628.
  • 57
    Rothchild E. Family dynamics in end-of-life treatment decisions. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1994;16: 2518.
  • 58
    Singer PA, Martin DK, Lavery JV, Thiel EC, Kelner M, Mendelssohn DC. Reconceptualizing advance care planning from the patient's perspective. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158: 87984.
  • 59
    Hines SC, Glover JJ, Holley JL, Babrow AS, Badzek LA, Moss AH. Dialysis patients' preferences for family-based advance care planning. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130: 8258.
  • 60
    Kagawa-Singer M, Blackhall LJ. Negotiating cross-cultural issues at the end of life. JAMA. 2001;286: 29933001.
  • 61
    Rothenberg LS, Merz JF, Wenger NS, et al. The relationship of clinical and legal perspectives regarding medical treatment decision-making in four cultures. Annu Rev Law Ethics. 1996;4: 33579.
  • 62
    Asai A, Fukuhara S, Lo B. Attitudes of Japanese and Japanese-American physicians towards life-sustaining treatment. Lancet. 1995;346: 3569.
  • 63
    Caralis PV, Davis B, Wright K, Marcial E. The influence of ethnicity and race on attitudes toward advance directives, life-prolonging treatments, and euthanasia. J Clin Ethics. 1993;4: 15565.
  • 64
    Frank G, Blackhall LJ, Michel V, Murphy ST, Azen SP, Park K. A discourse of relationships in bioethics: patient autonomy and end-of-life decision making among elderly Korean Americans. Med Anthropol Q. 1998;12: 40323.
  • 65
    Sprung CL, Eidelman LA. Worldwide similarities and differences in the forgoing of life-sustaining treatments. Intensive Care Med. 1996;22: 10035.DOI: 10.1007/s001340050203
  • 66
    Karlawish JHT, Quill T, Meier DE, for the ACP-ASIM End-of-life Care Consensus Panel. A consensus-based approach to providing palliative care to patients who lack decision-making capacity. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130: 83540.