• siderosis;
  • central nervous system;
  • epilepsy;
  • headache


  1. Top of page
  2. Abstract

Almost 95 cases of superficial siderosis of the central nervous system have been reported in the literature. These patients showed a clinical syndrome characterized by ataxia, deafness, pyramidal system involvement, and mental deterioration with xanthochromic cerebrospinal fluid and neuroradiological findings of hemosiderin deposits. About 30% of the patients had headache as an accompanying symptom. In the present case report, we describe a 33-year-old man with the typical clinical features of superficial siderosis, who complained, since aged 8, of a severe recurrent frontal headache often associated with loss of consciousness occurring after at least 2 hours of pain. The MRI and CSF findings were consistent with subarachnoid bleeding. In our patient, headache due to meningeal irritation by subarachnoid blood induced seizures as a probable reflex of extreme pain. Carbamazepine and nimodipine prophylaxis dramatically reduced the frequency of headaches and seizures.


superficial siderosis