Recurrent Headache, Coping, and Quality of Life in Children: A Review
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 40, Issue 5, pages 357–370, May 2000
How to Cite
Bandell-Hoekstra, I., Abu-Saad, H. H., Passchier, J. and Knipschild, P. (2000), Recurrent Headache, Coping, and Quality of Life in Children: A Review. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 40: 357–370. doi: 10.1046/j.1526-4610.2000.00054.x
- Issue published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- Accepted for publication November 19, 1999.
- coping with pain;
- quality of life;
- literature review
Objectives.–To clarify the concepts of coping with pain and quality of life (QoL) and to present a literature review of the strategies that children with recurrent headaches use to cope with their pain, the impact of recurrent headaches on children's QoL, and the influence of personal and situational variables on headache, coping, and QoL in children.
Methods.–The literature search encompassed published articles that were found by means of a CD-ROM search of MEDLINE (1966 to December 1998) and PsycLIT (1974 to December 1998) and the snowball method.
Results.–In pediatric headache research, only three studies have been found in which children report the use of various coping strategies, and only two studies considered QoL. Demographic factors and psychological variables such as depression, anger, and anxiety influence headache prevalence. The impact of headache-related variables such as headache type, severity, perceived cause, and prior experience on QoL has only been studied in adults.
Conclusions.–More research on coping and QoL is needed in pediatric headache. The conceptual model that is presented in this article may serve as a guide.