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A Long-term Open-Label Study of Oral Almotriptan 12.5 mg for the Treatment of Acute Migraine

Authors


Address all correspondence to Dr. Ninan T. Mathew, MD, Houston Headache Clinic, 1213 Hermann Drive, Houston, TX 77004.

Abstract

Objective.—Evaluate the long-term tolerability of almotriptan 12.5 mg for the treatment of acute migraine attacks occurring over a 6-month period.

Background.—Almotriptan is a second-generation 5-HT1B/1D agonist that exhibits vascular selectivity for meningeal arteries and has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of acute migraine in short-term controlled trials.

Methods.—This was a 6-month open-label study. Adults (18 years of age or older) were required to have a diagnosis of acute migraine with or without aura (according to the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society), a history of at least 1 year of moderate-to-severe migraine pain with at least two and a maximum of six migraines per month, and at least 24 hours of freedom from head pain between attacks. Patients were instructed to take a single 12.5-mg dose of almotriptan at the onset of a migraine attack. If migraine pain did not disappear in 2 hours, escape medication could be taken; if relapse occurred in less than 24 hours, a second 12.5-mg dose could be taken. Tolerability was assessed from the nature and incidence of all adverse events, and efficacy was assessed according to the end point of pain relief 2 hours following almotriptan administration.

Results.—Of 585 patients treated, 582 were included in the intent-to-treat population. The most frequent drug-related adverse events were nausea (3.1%) and dizziness (2.4%). No serious drug-related adverse events were reported, and no deaths occurred. Adverse events led to discontinuation of treatment in 36 patients (6.2%). Drug-related chest pain was reported in 9 patients (1.5%). Seventy-six percent of patients achieved pain relief at 2 hours for all attacks treated, and 49% were pain-free at 2 hours. After a second dose of almotriptan 12.5 mg, pain relief was achieved in 87% of attacks, and 59% were pain-free. Pain relief and pain-free rates were higher among those with moderate baseline pain.

Conclusions.—When taken at attack onset, almotriptan 12.5 mg is well tolerated, safe, and effective for the long-term treatment of acute migraine.

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