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Keywords:

  • migraine;
  • epidemiology;
  • prevalence;
  • clinical characteristics;
  • Turkey

Objective.—To investigate the epidemiology of migraine in Sivas, Turkey, including its prevalence, clinical characteristics, and impact according to age, sex, and socioeconomic status.

Methods.—Thirteen hundred twenty subjects were personally interviewed by a neurologist. Each household member with headache was asked questions regarding their headaches including age at onset, frequency, duration, character, location, severity, aggravating and ameliorating factors, and prodromal and associated symptoms. Migraine diagnoses were determined in accordance with the classification criteria of the International Headache Society.

Results.—Migraine was identified in 173 subjects (45 males and 128 females), and lifetime prevalence of migraine was 7.9% (95% CI, 5.66 to 10.1) in males and 17.1% (95% CI, 14 to 20) in females. Aura was reported by 1.4% of males and 3.3% of females.

Conclusion.—Migraine prevalence in Turkey is similar to that reported in Europe and the United States.