Familial Trigeminal Neuralgia: Case Reports and Review of the Literature
Article first published online: 27 AUG 2003
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Volume 43, Issue 8, pages 910–915, September 2003
How to Cite
Smyth, P., Greenough, G. and Stommel, E. (2003), Familial Trigeminal Neuralgia: Case Reports and Review of the Literature. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 43: 910–915. doi: 10.1046/j.1526-4610.2003.03172.x
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2003
- Article first published online: 27 AUG 2003
- Accepted for publication May 6, 2003.
- trigeminal neuralgia;
- facial pain;
- familial syndrome
The paroxysmal facial pain of trigeminal neuralgia is usually idiopathic, but familial cases have been described. We describe a family with apparent autosomal dominant transmission of trigeminal neuralgia. Our cases and a review of the literature suggest that the etiology of trigeminal neuralgia may be vascular compression of the fifth cranial nerve. Autosomal dominant vascular and epileptic disorders are reviewed, and possible relationships to familial trigeminal neuralgia are considered.