SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Sgambato V, Abo V, Rogard M, et al. Effect of electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex on the expression of the Fos protein in the basal ganglia. Neuroscience 1997;81: 93112.
  • 2
    Kolomiets BP, Deniau JM, Mailly P, et al. Segregation and convergence of information flow through the cortico-subthalamic pathways. J Neurosci 2001;21: 576472.
  • 3
    Canteras NS, Shammah-Lagnado SJ, Silva BA, et al. Afferent connections of the subthalamic nucleus: a combined retrograde and anterograde horseradish peroxidase study in the rat. Brain Res 1990;513: 4359.
  • 4
    Deniau JM, Hammond C, Chevalier G, et al. Evidence for branched subthalamic nucleus projections to substantia nigra, entopeduncular nucleus and globus pallidus. Neurosci Lett 1978;9: 11721.
  • 5
    Veliskova J, Velisek L, Moshe SL. Subthalamic nucleus: a new anticonvulsant site in the brain. Neuroreport 1996;7: 17868.
  • 6
    Deransart C, Le BT, Marescaux C, et al. Role of the subthalamo-nigral input in the control of amygdala-kindled seizures in the rat. Brain Res 1998;807: 7883.
  • 7
    Deransart C, Marescaux C, Depaulis A. Involvement of nigral glutamatergic inputs in the control of seizures in a genetic model of absence epilepsy in the rat. Neuroscience 1996;71: 7218.
  • 8
    Vercueil L, Benazzouz A, Deransart C, et al. High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus suppresses absence seizures in the rat: comparison with neurotoxic lesions. Epilepsy Res 1998;31: 3946.
  • 9
    Pan A, Najm I, Boongird A, et al. The effects of bilateral continuous subthalamic nucleus stimulation in an animal model of acute seizures. Epilepsia 2001;42(suppl 7):127.
  • 10
    Benabid A, Koudsie A, Chabardes S, et al. Chronic stimulation of the STN and/or SNr in intractable epilepsy: a three year experience. Am Assoc Neurol Surg 2002; Chicago.
  • 11
    Gonzalez-Martinez J, Ashwini S, Rezai A, et al. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for intractable epilepsy. Am Assoc Neurol Surg 2002; .
  • 12
    Benabid AL, Koudsie A, Benazzouz A, et al. Deep brain stimulation of the corpus luysi (subthalamic nucleus) and other targets in Parkinson's disease: extension to new indications such as dystonia and epilepsy. J Neurol 2001;248(suppl 3):III3747.
  • 13
    Paxinos G, Watson C. The rat brain in stereotaxic coordinates. 2nd ed. New York: Academic Press, 1986.
  • 14
    Lansky P, Veliskova J, Velisek L. An indirect method for absorption rate estimation: flurothyl-induced seizures. Bull Math Biol 1997;59: 56979.
  • 15
    Ranck JB Jr. Which elements are excited in electrical stimulation of mammalian central nervous system: a review. Brain Res 1975;98: 41740.
  • 16
    Benazzouz A, Piallat B, Pollak P, et al. Responses of substantia nigra pars reticulata and globus pallidus complex to high frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in rats: electrophysiological data. Neurosci Lett 1995;189: 7780.
  • 17
    Nakanishi H, Kita H, Kitai ST. Electrical membrane properties of rat subthalamic neurons in an in vitro slice preparation. Brain Res 1987;437: 3544.
  • 18
    Bevan MD, Wilson CJ. Mechanisms underlying spontaneous oscillation and rhythmic firing in rat subthalamic neurons. J Neurosci 1999;19: 761728.
  • 19
    Gao DM, Benazzouz A, Piallat B, et al. High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus suppresses experimental resting tremor in the monkey. Neuroscience 1999;88: 20112.
  • 20
    Deransart C, Le-Pham BT, Hirsch E, et al. Inhibition of the substantia nigra suppresses absences and clonic seizures in audiogenic rats, but not tonic seizures: evidence for seizure specificity of the nigral control. Neuroscience 2001;105: 20311.
  • 21
    Browning RA. Role of the brain-stem reticular formation in tonic-clonic seizures: lesion and pharmacological studies. Fed Proc 1985;44: 242531.
  • 22
    Windels F, Bruet N, Poupard A, et al. Effects of high frequency stimulation of subthalamic nucleus on extracellular glutamate and GABA in substantia nigra and globus pallidus in the normal rat. Eur J Neurosci 2000;12: 41416.
  • 23
    Moshe SL, Garant DS, Sperber EF, et al. Ontogeny and topography of seizure regulation by the substantia nigra. Brain Dev 1995;17(suppl):6172.
  • 24
    Velisek L, Veliskova J, Moshe SL. Electrical stimulation of substantia nigra pars reticulata is anticonvulsant in adult and young male rats. Exp Neurol 2002;173: 14552.
  • 25
    Benazzouz A, Gao DM, Ni ZG, et al. Effect of high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus on the neuronal activities of the substantia nigra pars reticulata and ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus in the rat. Neuroscience 2000;99: 28995.
  • 26
    Beurrier C, Bioulac B, Audin J, et al. High-frequency stimulation produces a transient blockade of voltage- gated currents in subthalamic neurons. J Neurophysiol 2001;85: 13516.
  • 27
    Plenz D, Kitai ST. A basal ganglia pacemaker formed by the subthalamic nucleus and external globus pallidus. Nature 1999;400: 67782.
  • 28
    Kang Y, Futami T. Arrhythmic firing in dopamine neurons of rat substantia nigra evoked by activation of subthalamic neurons. J Neurophysiol 1999;82: 16327.
  • 29
    Bevan MD, Magill PJ, Hallworth NE, et al. Regulation of the timing and pattern of action potential generation in rat subthalamic neurons in vitro by GABA-A IPSPs. J Neurophysiol 2002;87: 134862.
  • 30
    Humphries MD, Gurney KN. A pulsed neural network model of bursting in the basal ganglia. Neural Netw 2001;14: 84563.
  • 31
    Beurrier C, Congar P, Bioulac B, et al. Subthalamic nucleus neurons switch from single-spike activity to burst- firing mode. J Neurosci 1999;19: 599609.
  • 32
    Browning RA, Nelson DK. Variation in threshold and pattern of electroshock-induced seizures in rats depending on site of stimulation. Life Sci 1985;37: 220511.
  • 33
    Samoriski GM, Piekut DT, Applegate CD. Regional analysis of the spatial patterns of Fos induction in brain following flurothyl kindling. Neuroscience 1998;84: 120922.