• 1
    Penfield W. Symposium on post-traumatic epilepsy. Epilepsia 1961;2: 10910.
  • 2
    Kraus JF, McArthur DL, Silverman TA, et al. Epidemiology of brain injury. In: NarayanRK, WilbergerJE, PovlishockJT, eds. Neurotrauma. New York : McGraw-Hill, 1996.
  • 3
    Jallo JI, Narayan RK. Craniocerebral trauma. In: BradleyWG, DaroffRB, FenichelGM et al., eds. Neurology in clinical practice. Boston : Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000: 105587.
  • 4
    Asikainen I, Kaste M, Sarna S. Early and late posttraumatic seizures in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation patients: brain injury factors causing late seizures and influence of seizures on long-term outcome. Epilepsia 1998;40: 5849.
  • 5
    Haltiner AM, Temkin NR, Dikmen SS. Risk of seizure recurrence after the first late posttraumatic seizure. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78: 83540.
  • 6
    Annegers JF, Grabow JD, Groover RV, et al. Seizures after head trauma: a population study. Neurology 1980;30: 6839.
  • 7
    Annegers JF, Hauser WA, Coan SP, et al. A population-based study of seizures after traumatic brain injuries. N Engl J Med 1998;38: 204.
  • 8
    Angeleri F, Majkowski J, Cacchio G, et al. Posttraumatic epilepsy risk factors: one-year prospective study after head injury. Epilepsia 1999;40: 122230.
  • 9
    Vespa PM, Nuwer MR, Nenov V, et al. Increased incidence and impact of nonconvulsive and convulsive seizures after traumatic brain injury as detected by continuous electroencephalographic monitoring. J Neurosurg 1999;91: 75060.
  • 10
    Hahn YS, Fuchs S, Flannery AM, et al. Factors influencing posttraumatic seizures in children. Neurosurgery 1988;22: 8647.
  • 11
    Jennett B. Epilepsy after non-missile head injuries. England : William Heinemann Medical Books, 1975.
  • 12
    Kollevold T. Immediate and early seizures after head injuries: part III. J Oslo City Hosp 1978;28: 7786.
  • 13
    Walker AE, Erculi F. Post-traumatic epilepsy 15 years later. Epilepsia 1970;11: 1726.
  • 14
    Caveness WF. Epilepsy, a product of trauma in our time. Epilepsia 1976;17: 20715.
  • 15
    Caveness WF, Meirowsky AM, Rish BL, et al. The nature of posttraumatic epilepsy. J Neurosurg 1979;50: 54553.
  • 16
    Weiss GH, Feeney DM, Caveness WF, et al. Prognostic factors for the occurrence of posttraumatic epilepsy. Arch Neurol 1983;40: 710.
  • 17
    Weiss GH, Salazar AM, Vance SC, et al. Predicting posttraumatic epilepsy in penetrating head injury. Arch Neurol 1986;43: 7713.
  • 18
    Salazar AM, Jabbari B, Vance SC, et al. Epilepsy after penetrating head injury, I: clinical correlates: a report of the Vietnam Head Injury Study. Neurology 1985;35: 140614.
  • 19
    Desai BT, Whitman S, Coonley-Hoganson R, et al. Seizures and civilian head injuries. Epilepsia 1983;24: 28996.
  • 20
    Hendrick EB, Harris L. Post-traumatic epilepsy in children. J Trauma 1968;8: 54755.
  • 21
    Kollevold T. Immediate and early cerebral seizures after head injuries. J Oslo City Hosp 1979;29: 3547.
  • 22
    Schierhout G, Roberts I. Prophylactic antiepileptic agents after head injury: a systematic review. JNNP 1998;64: 10812.
  • 23
    Hauser WA, Tabaddor K, Factor PR, et al. Seizures and head injury in an urban community. Neurology 1984;34: 74651.
  • 24
    Ng SKC, Hauser WA, Brust JCM, et al. Alcohol consumption and withdrawal in new-onset seizures. N Engl J Med 1988;319: 66673.
  • 25
    Schaumann BA, Annegers JF, Johnson SB, et al. Family history of seizures in posttraumatic and alcohol-associated seizure disorders. Epilepsia 1994;35: 4852.
  • 26
    Ottman R, Lee JH, Risch N, et al. Clinical indicators of genetic susceptibility to epilepsy. Epilepsia 1996;37: 35361.
  • 27
    Feeney DM, Walker AE. The prediction of posttraumatic epilepsy: a mathematical approach. Arch Neurol 1979;36: 812.
  • 28
    Jennett WB, Lewin W. Traumatic epilepsy after closed head injuries. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23: 295301.
  • 29
    Caveness WF, Walker AE, Ascroft PB. Incidence of posttraumatic epilepsy in Korean veterans as compared with those from World War I and World War II. J Neurosurg 1962;19: 1229.