Present address: School of Biological Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506.
EFFECT OF NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY ON THE BIOCHEMICAL AND ELEMENTAL STOICHIOMETRY IN THE FRESHWATER DIATOM STEPHANODISCUS MINUTULUS (BACILLARIOPHYCEAE)*
Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
Journal of Phycology
Volume 36, Issue 3, pages 510–522, June 2000
How to Cite
Lynn, S. G., Kilham, S. S., Kreeger, D. A. and Interlandi, S. J. (2000), EFFECT OF NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY ON THE BIOCHEMICAL AND ELEMENTAL STOICHIOMETRY IN THE FRESHWATER DIATOM STEPHANODISCUS MINUTULUS (BACILLARIOPHYCEAE)*. Journal of Phycology, 36: 510–522. doi: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.2000.98251.x
Author for reprint requests; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Issue published online: 23 JUL 2003
- Article first published online: 25 DEC 2001
- * Received 31 December 1998. Accepted 7 February 2000.
- biochemical composition;
- elemental stoichiometry;
- lipid classes;
- nutrient limitation;
- Stephanodiscus minutulus
The objective of this study was to examine the differences in the biochemical and elemental stoichiometry of a freshwater centric diatom, Stephanodiscus minutulus (Grun.), under various nutrient regimes. Stephanodiscus minutulus was grown at μmax or 22% of μmax under limitation by silicon, nitrogen, or phosphorus. Cell sizes for nutrient-limited cultures were significantly smaller than the non-limited cell sizes, with N-limited cells being significantly smaller than all other treatments. Compared with the nutrient-replete treatment, both carbohydrates and lipids increased in Si- and P-limited cells, whereas carbohydrates increased but proteins decreased in N-limited cells. All of the growth-limited cells showed an increase of carbohydrate and triglyceride, and a decrease of cell size and polar lipids as a percentage of total lipids. The non-limited cells also had a significantly higher chl a concentration and galactolipids as a percentage of total lipids than any of the limited treatments, and the low-Si and low-P cells had significantly higher values than the low-N cells. The particulate C concentrations showed significant differences between treatments, with the Si- and P-limited treatments being significantly higher than the N- and non-limited treatments. Particulate Si did not show a strong relationship with any of the parameters measured, and it was the only parameter with no differences between treatments. The low-Si cells had a significantly higher P content (about two times more) than any other treatment, presumably owing to the luxury consumption of P, and a correspondingly high phospholipid concentration. The elemental data showed that S. minutulus had a high P demand with low optimum N:P (4) and Si:P (10) ratios and a C:N:P ratio of 109:16:2.3. The particulate C showed a positive relationship with POM (r = 0.93), dry weight (r = 0.88), lipid (r = 0.87) and protein (r = 0.84, all P < 0.0001). Particulate N showed a positive relationship with galactolipids (r = 0.95), protein (r = 0.90), dry weight (r = 0.78), lipid (r = 0.75), and cell volume (r = 0.64, all P < 0.0001). It is evident that nutrient limitation in the freshwater diatom S. minutulus has pronounced effects on its biochemical and elemental stoichiometry.