• 1
    Bosco C, Komi PV. Influence of aging on the mechanical behavior of leg muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol 1980;45:209219.
  • 2
    Evans WJ, Campbell WW. Sarcopenia and age-related changes in body composition and functional capacity. J Nutr 1993;123:465468.
  • 3
    Frontera WR, Suh D, Krivickas LS et al. Skeletal muscle fiber quality in older men and women. Am J Physiol 2000;279:C611C618.
  • 4
    Metter EJ, Conwit R, Tobin J et al. Age-associated loss of power and strength in the upper extremities in women and men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997;52A:B267B276.
  • 5
    Lexell J, Taylor C, Sjostrom M. What is the cause of ageing atrophy? Total number, size and proportion of different fiber types studies in whole vastus lateralis muscle from 15- to 83-year-old men. J Neurol Sci 1988;84:275294.
  • 6
    Thomas M, Fiatarone MA, Fielding RA. Leg extensor power in young women: Functional correlates and relationship to body composition and strength. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1996;28:13211326.
  • 7
    Foldvari M, Clark M, Laviolette LC et al. Association of muscle power with functional status in community-dwellng elderly women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55A:M192M199.
  • 8
    Bassey EJ, Fiatarone MA, O'Neill EF et al. Leg extensor power and functional performance in very old men and women. Clin Sci 1992;82:321327.
  • 9
    Suzuki T, Bean JF, Fielding RA. Muscle power of the ankle flexors predicts functional performance in community dwelling older women. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001;49:11611167.
  • 10
    Fielding RA. The role of progressive resistance training and nutrition in the preservation of lean body mass in the elderly. J Am Coll Nutr 1995;14:587594.
  • 11
    Fiatarone MA, O'Neill EF, Ryan ND et al. Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people. N Engl J Med 1994;330:17691775.
  • 12
    Skelton DA, Young A, Greig CA et al. Effects of resistance training on strength, power, and selected functional abilities of women aged 75 and older. J Am Geriatr Soc 1995;43:10811087.
  • 13
    Joszi AC, Campbell WW, Joseph L et al. Changes in power with resistance training in older and younger men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1999;54A:M655M664.
  • 14
    Earles DR, Judge JO, Gunnarsson OT. Velocity training induces power-specific adaptations in highly functioning older adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:872878.
  • 15
    Guralnick JM, Ferrucci K, Simonsick E et al. Lower extremity function over the age of 70 years as a predictor of subsequent disability. N Engl J Med 1995;332:556561.
  • 16
    Katz S, Branch LG, Branson MH et al. Active life expectancy. N Engl J Med 1983;17:12181224.
  • 17
    Ware J. SF36 Health Survey Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston, MA: Nimrod Press, 1993.
  • 18
    Folstein MF, Folstein SF, McHugh PR. “Mini-mental state”. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res 1975;12:189198.
  • 19
    Yesavage JA, Brink TL. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report. J Psychiatr Res 1983;17:3749.
  • 20
    Washburn R, Smith K, Jette A. The physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE): Development and evaluation. J Clin Epidemiol 1993;48:153162.
  • 21
    McDonagh MJN, Davies CTM. Adaptive response of mammalian skeletal muscle to exercise with high loads. Eur J Appl Physiol 1984;52:139155.
  • 22
    Van Cutsem M, Duchateau J, Hainaut K. Changes in single motor unit behaviour contribute to the increase in contraction speed after dynamic training in humans. J Physiol 1998;513:295305.
  • 23
    Singh MA, Ding W, Manfredi TJ et al. Insulin-like growth factor I in skeletal muscle after weight-lifting exercise in frail elders. Am J Physiol 1999;277:E135E143.
  • 24
    Trappe S, Williamson D, Godard M et al. Effect of resistance training on single muscle fiber contractile function in older men. J Appl Physiol 1999;89:143152.
  • 25
    Kaneko M, Fuchimoto T, Toji H et al. Training effect of different loads on the force-velocity relationship and mechanical power output in human muscle. Scand J Sports Sci 1983;5:5055.
  • 26
    Aagaard P, Simonsen EB, Trolle M et al. Effects of different strength training regimes on moment and power generation during dynamic knee extensions. Eur J Appl Physiol 1994;69:382386.
  • 27
    Caiozzo VJ, Perrine JJ, Edgerton VR. Training-induced alterations in the in vivo force-velocity relationship of human muscle. J Appl Physiol 1981;51:750754.
  • 28
    Coyle EF, Feiring DC, Rotkis TC et al. Specificity of power improvements through slow and fast isokinetic training. J Appl Physiol 1981;51:14371442.
  • 29
    Nichols JF, Omizo DK, Peterson KK et al. Efficacy of heavy-resistance training for active women over sixty: Muscular strength, body composition, and program adherence. J Am Geriatr Soc 1993;41:205210.
  • 30
    Pyka G, Lindenberger E, Charette S et al. Muscle strength and fiber adaptations to a year-long resistance training program in elderly men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1994;49A:M22M27.
  • 31
    McCartney N, Hicks AL, Martin J et al. Long-term resistance training in the elderly: Effects on dynamic strength, exercise capacity, muscle, and bone. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1995;50A:B97B104.
  • 32
    Bassey EJ, Short AH. A new method for measuring power output in a single leg extension: Feasibility, reliability, and validity. Eur J Appl Physiol 1990;60:385390.
  • 33
    Buchner DM, Cress ME, DeLateur BJ et al. The effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, fall risk, and health services use in community-living older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997;52A:M218M224.