OBJECTIVES: To establish a reference range for morning and afternoon excretion of urinary deoxypyridinoline (DPD) in apparently healthy older women selected from a volunteer database. To assess the extent of diurnal variation and short and long-term within-subject longitudinal variation.
DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study.
SETTING: Clinical Age Research Unit, King's College School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two women aged 68 to 89 (median age 75) selected from a volunteer database.
METHODS: Subjects completed an osteoporosis risk factor questionnaire and a physical examination and had a measurement of the broadband ultrasound attenuation and speed of sound of their right heel. Subjects provided six urine samples: morning and afternoon at baseline and 1 week and 60 weeks later for measurement of DPD.
RESULTS: The mean baseline values for DPD of morning and afternoon samples were 7.2 nM/mM and 6.0 nM/mM creatinine, respectively. The majority of subjects showed diurnal variation, with mean afternoon values 15% lower than morning values (P < .0001 for afternoon vs morning values). The mean difference in DPD after 60 weeks was 1.67 nM/mM for morning and 1.34 nM/mM for afternoon creatinine. This difference was not significant. Some individuals displayed marked changes in DPD excretion with no change in health status or treatment. DPD excretion in a nonfasting afternoon sample showed similar characteristics to morning void samples in terms of scatter, week-to-week variation, and long-term reproducibility.
CONCLUSIONS: The study was set up to provide background data to assist the development of a clinical osteoporosis service for older women. Further studies are needed to determine whether these measurements predict fracture risk and respond to treatment changes in this age group.