Despite the use of preservatives, platelets are severely damaged during cryopreservation and, following freezing, function poorly in a number of in vitro tests. We report here that cryopreserved platelets show diminished aggregation in response to collagen. This may be a consequence of a secretion defect as evidenced by a 20 to 30 percent loss of dense- and α-granule content (p < 0.05) and an impaired secretion mechanism. Analysis of adenine nucleotides confirmed the defect in dense granule adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) content (storage pool), but in addition revealed a 50 percent fall in cytosolic ATP (metabolic pool). In contrast, the adenylate energy charge, (ATP + 1/2 ADP)/(ATP + ADP + adenosine monophosphate), was normal. We concluded that platelet cryopreservation leads to a secretion defect, probably as a result of activation during freezing and thawing procedures.