BACKGROUND: Cromer blood group antigens are located on decay- accelerating factor (DAF, CD55), which contains four short consensus repeats (SCRs). Cromer system antibodies may be of clinical significance in blood transfusion.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Soluble recombinant DAF (srDAF) constructs, consisting of all four SCRs or of only two SCRs, were expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris. They are used in hemagglutination-inhibition tests with Cromer system antibodies and with DAF-specific monoclonal antibodies.
RESULTS: The srDAF inhibited hemagglutination by all Cromer system alloantibodies in undiluted serum. Antibodies to antigens of other blood group systems were not inhibited by the srDAF. Hemagglutination-inhibition tests with domain-deleted srDAF showed that UMC is on SCR-4 and confirmed that Tca, TcaTcb, and WESb are on SCR-1; Dra is on SCR-3; and Cra is on SCR- 4.
CONCLUSIONS: Hemagglutination inhibition with srDAF is useful in the recognition of antibodies that belong to the Cromer blood group system and facilitates pretransfusion testing. This use of domain-deleted srDAF provides an easy method of determining epitope location on DAF and is an aid to more precise identification of Cromer system antibodies.