BACKGROUND: Volume reduction and removal of RBCs are essential for cost-efficient cord blood (CB) banking. It has previously been shown that a newly developed device, a stem cell-collection filter (SCCF), can reduce the CB volume and remove RBCs efficiently, giving high recovery rates for CD34+ cells, colony-forming cells, and long-term culture-initiating cells with short operation time. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of CB cells separated by SCCF and HES by analyzing repopulation in NOD/SCID mice.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1 × 106 or 5 × 106 nucleated cells derived from SCCF- or HES-separated, cryopreserved, thawed, and washed CB were transplanted into NOD/SCID mice. Eight weeks after transplantation, bone marrow cells of the recipient mice were examined by flow cytometry and hematopoietic progenitor assay for the engraftment of human cells.
RESULTS: Mice given human CB cells, separated by SCCF, showed degrees of engraftment similar to those in mice given HES-separated CB cells. There was no significant difference in the lymphohematopoietic reconstitution pattern in the two groups of mice.
CONCLUSION: SCCF processing does not appear to reduce the number of repopulating cells in NOD/SCID mice or alter the number of HPCs. It is now shown that these cells can be captured by SCCF and removed, and that they will engraft.