• arrhythmia;
  • catheter ablation;
  • cryosurgery;
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

Transvenous Cryothermal Catheter Ablation. In patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, right anteroseptal accessory pathways are uncommon and run from the atrium to the ventricle in close anatomic proximity to the normal AV conduction system. Radiofrequency catheter ablation is the first-line therapy for elimination of these accessory pathways. Although the initial success rate is high, there is a potential risk of inadvertent development of complete heart block, and the recurrence rate is relatively high. The capability of cryothermal energy to create reversible lesions (ice mapping) at less severe temperatures provides a potential benefit in ablation of pathways located in a complex anatomic area, such as the mid-septum and anteroseptum.